Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Gaya
Bihar Agricultural University, Sabour, Bhagalpur

About Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Gaya

        Krishi Vigyan Kendra,  Manpur, Gaya has been established in March, 2006 vide ICAR, File No. 18-03/94-AE-1 dt. 24.03.2006 whose host institution was Rajendra Agricultural University, Pusa, Samastipur. At present it is under Bihar Agricultural University, Sabour, Bhagalpur. This Kendra lies between 840 17’ 35” and 850 23’ 30” E longitude and 24016’30” and 2503’30” N latitude at an altitude of 1111 meter above MSL at NH-82, Gaya-Nawada Road. This center is about 240km from BAU, Sabour, Bhagalpur and 110 km from Patna. This district is surrounded by Jehanabad, Aurangabad, Nalanda, Nawada with Jharkhand state in south direction. The nearest Railway station and private bus stand is Gaya and Manpur respectively. Gaya railway station is about 6km west from this centre. The International Airport is situated about 12 km in south- west direction, famous Lord Vishnupad temple at Gaya & Lord Buddha at Bodh Gaya are at the distance of 5 km and 15km respectively from Krishi Vigyan Kendra.

             This district is also famous for "Shradha Karma (Pinda daan)" in which people worship their forefather for betterment in heaven.

The climate of this district is Sub-tropical, where the hottest month is June and December is the coldest month. Average annual rainfall is 944 mm and the maximum and minimum temperature range from 44-450c and 02-040c respectively.

            The soil of this district is generally heavy to medium textured, deficient in organic matter, macro-nutrients and micronutrients; like zinc and Boron. The total geographical area of this district is 493774 ha. The cultivable land of this district is 228643 ha out of  which paddy is grown in 177472 ha followed by wheat in 81430 ha, vegetable in 8350 ha. Among oil seeds 21073 ha and pulses (lentil, gram and redgram) 70701 ha.

            Cauliflower, potato and brinjal are important vegetables grown in this locality. This district has large consumption of sesamum in Tilkut preparation, therefore high yielding variety is needed to meet the demand. Since the area is dry there is ample scope for Poultry, Goatry and Dairy. Recently farmers of this district showed their interest in the cultivation of flowers and medicinal plants.

Mandate of KVK

On-farm testing to access the location specificity of agricultural technologies under various farming systems.

Frontline demonstrations to establish production potential of technologies on the farmers’ fields.

Capacity development of farmers and extension  personnel to update their knowledge and skills on modern agricultural technologies.

To work as knowledge and Resource Centre of agricultural technologies for supporting initiatives of public, private and voluntary sector in improving the agricultural economy of the district.

Provide farm advisories using ICT and other media means on varied subjects of interest to farmers.

Kisaan Chaupal

The varsity started Kisan Choupal on April 28, 2012 in collaboration with 20 Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs) and nine colleges of the varsity. The Choupal is since then organized every Saturday with the theme Bihar Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya Kisano Ke Dwar: Kisan Choupal (Bihar Agricultural University at the doorstep of farmers: Kisan Choupal).

Mandates of Kisan Choupal

The Kisan Choupal is organized by the KVKs and the colleges under the following mandates:

To strengthen linkage between scientists and farming community and provide science-based information at famers’ doorsteps.
To revive the tradition of Kisan Choupal existing in the ancient times to help farmers solve their problems on their own at their places.
To collect feedback and/or researchable issues from farmers’ fields and communicate to the researchers for further formulating research priorities.
To provide area-specific/demand-driven information to farmers at their doorsteps.
To make convergence with different agencies working at grass-roots level.
To motivate the people with the use of scientific and technical videos on cropping practices and allied activities.

Process of Conducting Kisan Choupal at Farmers Doorsteps:

The principal characteristic of Kisan Choupal is to establish better interaction with the farmers in discussing their problems and to provide best-suited solutions together with imparting need-based training on various issues of agriculture and allied areas by a team of scientists from the colleges/KVKs of the university. All the KVKs and colleges follow the following steps for conducting Kisan Choupal:

   Survey of village and mobilization of community: Site selection is important to the Kisan Choupal because of the various factors that have to be considered. The site is selected by a team of multidisciplinary scientists who visit the village a day before the date of the Choupal to ensure active mobilization/ participation of the villagers. The villagers are motivated to get their farmingrelated problems solved at their doorsteps. The motivational activities like focus group discussion (FGD), advertisement, event brochure and interaction with key communicator are planned to ensure maximum participation. Also, the linkage with state agriculture department and line departments is ensured to connect to the villagers for better access to schemes and facilities (Kumar et al., 2013). During the selection of villages, priorities are given to the resource poor families dominated community and/or location.
   Need assessment/situation analysis: Participation is now widely advocated and documented as philosophy and mode in extension and/or development (Cemea, 1985), but the gap remains wide between fashionable rhetoric and field reality (Chambers, 1994). A team of scientists try to use a practical set of approaches under this programme for understanding their needs and agro-ecological situations, for example, FGD, rapid rural appraisal (RRA), participatory rural appraisal (PRA) and field visit. The Kisan Choupal is being conducted in the identified villages on the basis of need assessment of the farmers by the scientists on agriculture and allied enterprises. The training needs assessment will enable the scientists to have a better knowledge of the management practices of the farmers, and the constraints that need to be addressed in the area where the Kisan Choupal will be taking place.
   Preparation of teaching materials and modules: Developing and using effective written and audio-visual materials is an integral part of Kisan Choupal. Training materials are always based on the availability of resources at village level, background of the farmers and need of the farmers.
   Implementation of Kisan Choupal:Every Kisan Choupal is implemented by a team of multidisciplinary scientists and the dialogue/discussion/ problems solving is facilitated with the display of technical videos/movies at the beginning of the Choupal. In addition, the distribution of farmerfriendly publication of the university during the Choupal is ascertained to increase awareness on cropping practices and new techniques for the literate farmers. For making Kisan Choupal more effective, animal camps are also organized.
   Feedback/suggestions: The documentation of farmers’ feedback is put to practice together with regular reports to the varsity which is utilized as an input for future research problem setting. It is proved of immense importance not only to the farmers but also to the studentsl who have gained immensely from this platform by getting real-life field exposure in the villages. This is a unique programme for a reversal of learning: to learn from rural people, directly, on the site and face to face, gaining from local physical, technical and social knowledge (Chambers, 1994).
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